Children start to develop this early decoding ability in early childhood. The ability to decode words is strongly reliant on children having strong phonological awareness skills, which are a gateway into letter-sound knowledge. Phonics knowledge allows children to understand the link between sounds (phonemes) and letter patterns (graphemes).
Phonics can be introduced through emergent literacy experiences. In early childhood children will typically develop an emerging awareness of phonics, and that other aspects of emergent literacy and oral language are the main foci.
English is an alphabetic language as it has 26 letters and 44 speech sounds. Combinations of these letters are used to represent all the different speech sounds (phonemes).
In English, sound-letter patterns can be either single letters (graph), two letters (digraph), three (trigraph), or four letters (quadgraph) to spell these sounds